Accessibility Testing 101

Provided below is an informational tool to help get you started testing your web page for accessibility.  The following steps explain the options and resources available that give you the power to not only meet federal requirements, but enhance the virtual experiences of users across the globe.

Checking Accessibility

1. Test web page with automated accessibility checker.
(Must meet WCAG 2.0 standards.  See flagged issues acknowledged by automated checker and fix.)

2. Manually check accessibility standards and fix necessary components.
(Check to make sure your page content makes sense.  Make sure alternate text, etc. is modeled in a logical fashion.  Test for easy navigation using a screen reader, keyboard, and specialized toolbars.)

Automated Testing

Manual Testing

  • Screen Readers   The following screen readers are most commonly used.
    • JAWS
    • NVDA
    • VoiceOver (built-in feature for Mac computers.)
      • Using VoiceOver to Evaluate Web Accessibility    "This article is designed to help users who are new to VoiceOver learn the basic controls for testing web content, and to serve as a reference for the occasional VoiceOver user." --WebAIM.org  
  • Toolbars
    • Web Accessibility Toolbar (WAT)
    • Web Developer Toolbar
      • Web Developer Toolbar -This toolbar is not specifically aimed at testing accessibility, however there are useful resources for use within Chrome, Firefox, and Opera. 

Checklist

  • WebAIM's WCAG 2.0 Checklist  -The following checklist presented by WebAIM, is helpful to follow when manually testing for accessibility.